Holiday Baking Prep: Types of Wheat Flours by Dana Angelo White in Cookies & Other Desserts, Healthy Holidays, November 6, 2011
“Flour” is basically the ground meal of any grain. While wheat is most common, oats, corn and rice (among others) are also available. Wheat flours are the classic choice for most baked goods and also tend to have the greatest variation. Types will differ by the coarseness of the grain, amount of gluten (a protein with elastic “chewy” properties), and the presence of any additional ingredients.