More plants. More whole grains. Less meat. The USDA’s 2010 update to its nutrition guidelines recommends a diet that sounds like it’s straight out of a Michael Pollan essay, but how do they affect you? Well, the guidelines, which are updated every five years, provide nutrition advice and advocate a diet that will reduce the nation’s risks for heart disease, cancer and diabetes. The recommendations are also used as a standard in federal programs, like U.S. school breakfasts and lunches. Here are 5 things you need to know about the new guidelines.