Picking Safe, Sustainable Fish

by in Food Safety, Healthy Tips, April 20, 2009


No doubt, fish are healthy eats, but shopping for them can get confusing. Is this one full of mercury? Where did that one come from? Do I need to worry about overfishing? Farm-raised or wild? Here are some resources to help make the safest and most eco-friendly choices.

Go to the Right Sources
The Monterey Bay Aquarium’s Seafood Watch program aims to help consumers make seafood choices that keep oceans healthy and their dinner plates safe. They identify sustainable fishing operations and offer many downloadable pocket guides for various parts of the country (different seafood is more accessible to different geographical regions). Some guides are available in Spanish as well as English, and you can even get downloads to your iPhone. They really make it handy.

The guides have an easy-to-read, color-coded system that lists seafood that’s caught or raised in a sustainable manor and that’s low in mercury and other contaminants. (They also have a stand-alone guide for sushi.) Choosing isn’t all black and white — there are so many varieties of seafood to try. To help narrow it down, start with your favorite fish or target your region.

Here are some examples from a couple of the 2009 guides:

    Northeast Guide:

  • Best Choices: Farmed Artic Char, Wild Alaskan Salmon, U.S.-Farmed Tilapia,
  • Good Alternatives: Mahi Mahi, U.S. Shrimp (farmed or wild), Lobster
  • Avoid: Atlantic Cod, Red Snapper, Imported Swordfish
    West Coast Guide:

  • Best Choices: Pacific Cod, U.S.-Farmed Catfish, Wild Pollock
  • Good Alternatives: Sea Scallops, US Shrimp (farmed or wild), Yellowfin tuna
  • Avoid: Monkfish, Orange Roughy, Imported King Crab

Read Those Labels
When at the market, check packaging for the country of origin or ask your fishmonger. You can also look for the Marine Stewardship Council (MSC) seal. The MSC certifies sustainable fishing operations throughout the country.

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  11. P. Yen says:

    Go for live talapia, but you must have the stomach to see them being killed in front of you. Most oriental market carries them in the water tank.

  12. lurl says:

    Not only is the fish horrible be careful and understand what you read on the label.
    The front of the package states it is wild caught Alaskan fish…then you read the back of the package hidden in the corner and it states is is from CHINA. I would hate to tell you how they handle fish. You can look it up if you are interested.
    How about shrimp farms? In Pakistan and Indonesia where there are so many and they are imported here during the last huge storm season they found bodies that had been dead for days in the shrimp pens. Do you really want to eat this?
    Buy white shrimp from the Gulf of Mexico(USA) or from other areas in the south that are on the ocean and they send out shrimp boats to get them wild and fresh.
    They cost a little more but your health is well worth it.

  13. lurl says:

    It is not if its fresh or not the problem is how it is raised. Is it farm fish or wild.
    Tilapia that is farm raised is trash fish.

  14. cikb2 says:

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